My Language Requirement

Spanish for Music Lovers

Complemento
Aterciopelados (Colombia)

I.

Eres mi complemento
eres lo que no soy
todo se vuelve perfecto
cuando contigo voy

complemento complement
lo que that which
todo everything
volver (ue) to return; volverse to become, to turn into
cuando when
con with, contigo with you
ir to go: voy, vas, va, vamos, vais, van

II. Me das lo que me faltaba
lo que antes me disgustaba
mi mitad de la naranja empieza
donde tú acabas

dar to give: doy, das, da, damos, dais, dan
lo que that which
antes before, previously
me (to / for) me
faltar to be missing
-aba (verb ending) = used to + "verb," was "verb"-ing
disgustar to displease
mi my
mitad half
naranja orange (fruit)
empezar (ie) to begin
donde where
acabar to end, to terminate, to finish


III. El agua que aviva el fuego
el norte que viaja al sur
lo rápido que va lento
la luna que abraza el sol

el agua (f.) water
que that, which
avivar to enliven, to quicken, to refresh
fuego fire
el norte north
viajar to travel
el sur south
lo rápido the quickness, the quick one
ir to go; voy, vas, va, vamos, vais, van
lento slow
luna moon
desde que ever since
abrazar to embrace
el sol sun

IV. Me enamoro de lo inverso
y completo el universo
se besan los dos extremos
yo concavo y tu convexo

enamorarse de to fall in love with
completar to complete
se one, self, each other
besar to kiss; besarse to kiss each other

V. Mirar lo mismo
y ver contrarios
querer que el cielo
esté en la tierra
soñar unirnos
juntar los poros

(Volver al primer verso.)

mirar to look at
mismo, misma same
ver to see
contrario opposite, contrast
querer to want
el cielo sky
estar to be, to be located
en in, on
la tierra earth
soñar (ue) to dream; con of
unir to unite
nos us
juntar to join, combine, unite
poro pore

(c) 2009 A. Campitelli, Greensboro, NC Youtube

 

Los verbos reflexivos
Present Tense Indicative
Some verbs can be used reflexively -- the subject acts upon itself. See the chart below for some examples from this song.
Verbos regulares
In the first example, the verb "besar" is not reflexive. The subject is kissing someone else. In the second set of examples with "besar" it is reflexive. "Enamorarse" - "to fall in love" is always reflexive; the preposition "with" is translated as "de."
besar to kiss yo te beso I kiss you
tú me besas, él la besa,
you kiss me; he kisses her
ellas los besan
they (female) kiss them (male/mixed)

nosotras los besamos
we (females) are kissing them (males/mixed)
vosotros las besáis
you-all are kissing them (females)

besarse
to kiss oneself,
to kiss each other
nosotras nos besamos
we (females) kiss each other
vosotros os besáis
you-all (males / mixed) kiss each other

ellos se besan; ellas se besan
they kiss each other
ustedes se besan
you-all kiss each other

enamorarse de
to fall in love with
me enamoro de ti
I'm falling in love with you

¿Te enamoras de mi?
¿Juanes se enamora de mi?
¿Shakira se enamora de mi?
Usted se enamora de mi, Antonio.

nos enamoramos de vosotras
we're falling in love with you (ladies)
os enamoráis de nosotros
you-all are falling in love with us
ustedes se enamoran de nosotras
you-all are falling in love with us (ladies)
Verbo irregular
Reflexive verbs can be regular or irregular. As with "besar," in the first set of examples, "volver" is not used reflexively, while in the second set of examples, it is a reflexive verb with a slightly altered meaning.
volver to go back,
to turn back
yo vuelvo
I return, I go back
tú vuelves, él vuelve, ellas vuelven nosostras volvemos, vosotros volvéis
volverse to become,
to turn into
me vuelvo loco
I'm going crazy
te vuelves, se vuelve, se vuelven nos volvemos, os volvéis muy responsables
you-all are becoming very responsible
In the first set of examples, "ir" is not used reflexively, while in the second set of examples, it is a reflexive verb with a slightly altered meaning.
ir to go
ir a to be going to + verb
yo voy contigo
I'm going with you
tú vas conmigo y él va con ellos
you're going with me and he's going with them
ellas van a las nueve
they (female) are going at 9:00
nosostras vamos a la fiesta
we're going to the party
vosotros vais a aprender la gramática
you-all are going to learn the grammar
irse to depart,
to leave
me voy
I'm leaving

te vas, se va
¿Cuándo se van?
When are they leaving?

nos vamos, os vais
Summary of reflexive pronouns in Spanish
In the top row are the subject pronouns; in the bottom are the corresponding reflexive pronouns.
yo
él
ella(s)
ello(s)
usted(es)
nosotros
vosotros
me
te

se

nos
os