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Look over the questions below before you read
each part, in order to prepare for the reading. Take notes
as you read. Then write your responses to the following questions
as individual responses or as short essays. You may also write
a summary response on all three introductions. (Discussion 5:
Prologues reading journal; post your most interesting response.)
I. Dedication and Prologues. Goethe uses
a three-part introduction to the action of his drama, the Dedication,
the Prologue in the Theater and the Prologue in Heaven. Therefore,
let's consider this introduction.
- How does the Dedication relate to what
we are about to read? Describe how the history of how Goethe created
this drama provides a context for this Dedication.
- What are the three points of view of the characters
in the Prologue in the Theater? Are these points of view
in harmony or do they conflict with each other? How do these
three characters reflect roles Goethe played in his own life?
Do you think Goethe expresses a preference for one of these characters
over the others? If so, for which one and why? How does
Goethe prepare the audience for the drama with this Prologue?
- Compare the Book of Job with the Prologue
in Heaven. What is the relationship between God and Mephistopheles?
What is the relationship between God and Faust? What kind of a
deal do God and the devil make in the Book of Job? Is the same
deal made in the Prologue in Heaven? Who do you think will win
the wager? How does the theological universe created by Goethe
in this work reflect an Enlightenment point of view?
For more helpful questions to guide you through this masterful work,
here is a wonderful resource by Professor Paul Bryans that you are
sure to find immensely helpful: his Study
Guide to Goethe's Faust. (Discussion 6: Goethe's Faust
Part I reading journal: post your most interesting response.)
1. This is our first meeting with Goethe's creation Faust. What
makes him tick? What's his problem? How is he coping? Address some
of the questions Dr. Bryans puts about the scene "Night."
Faust teaching - from Friedrich Murnau's 1925 film
There's a lot of sexual imagery in the scene "Before the City
Gate," that takes place on Easter Sunday. We also learn
a little more about Faust and his history. Address some of
the questions Dr. Bryans puts about this scene.
3. Address some of the questions Dr. Bryans puts about the scenes
in Faust's Study. What is the relationship between Faust and Mephistopheles?
Which one is the optimist and which one is the pessimist? How do
the two scenes compare with each other? How do they compare
with Job, Chapter 4? Pay particular attention to the actual bargain
between Faust and Mephistopheles: of what does their contract consist?
Who do you think will come out on top, Faust or Mephistopheles?
-The Death of Valentin
with your teacher's reflection
in the glass, taking the photo
For many years,
the Gretchen episode was the end of the drama. In fact, the
Berlioz opera Faust is based almost exclusively on
Margaret (Gretchen). Continue to use Professor Bryan's excellent
Guide. His questions will lead you to greater insight
on the representations of good and evil in the later scenes
of Part One.
Sie hier, um Postkarten mit Faustmotiven anzuschauen.
Think about the
following questions as you read.