German for Music Lovers

©A. Campitelli, Greensboro, North Carolina, 1999-2008

Übungen: Mit Dir (Freundeskreis)

Grammatik

These lyrics contain many examples of the following grammatical features:

  • uses of the dative case: dative for indirect object, dative with prepositions, dative of reference, dative verb, dative of location or point in time with 2-way preposition
  • uses of the imperative mood
  • uses of "wollen" (to want, to want to) vs. "werden" (to become, auxiliary verb = will, shall + infinitive = future tense)
  • examples of syntax in independent and dependent clauses (compound and complex sentences)

Print out this page to do the exercises. Click here for an answer key.

Übungen

I. Dative Case
Read the song text and look for uses of the dative case. Make a list of them. Then identify each use to determine why the dative case was necessary. Is it an example of an indirect object, the object of a dative preposition, a dative of reference, a dative of location or point in time with a two-way preposition or the object of a dative verb?

Uses of Dative
Strophe Beispiel des Dativs Grund für Wahl des Dativs
Strophe 1 1.mit dir
2. mit mir
1., 2. dative preposition
Strophe 2

 

 

 

 
Refrain

 

 

 
Strophe 3

 

 

 

 
Strophe 4

 

 

 

 
Strophe 5

 

 

 

 
Strophe 6

 

 

 

 
Strophe 7

 

 

 

 
Strophe 8

 

 

 

 
Strophe 9

 

 

 

 
Strophe 10

 

 

 

 


II. Uses of the imperative
Find the following uses of the imperative in the song. Then re-write them in the "ihr" (plural familiar) and the "Sie" forms.

Print out this page to do the exercises. Click here for an answer key.

Enjoy the moment.

(du) _____________________________________

(ihr)
(Sie)
Put your cards on the table.

(du)

(ihr)
(Sie)
Come closer.

(du)

(ihr)
(Sie)
Be considerate, take care.

(du)

(ihr)
(Sie)
Come here to me.

(du)

(ihr)
(Sie)
Take me in your arms.

(du)

(ihr)
(Sie)
Don't look at me like that.

(du)

(ihr)
(Sie)
Wake me with a kiss.

(du)

(ihr)
(Sie)
Let go of your doubts.

(du)

(ihr)
(Sie)
Come relax with me.
(du)
(ihr)

(Sie)

Übung III. "wollen" vs. "werden"

Identify the uses of the verbs "wollen" and "werden" in the song text. Write them in a chart and translate them.
Use this exercise to help you remember that "will" in German means "want to" in English, while "wird" or "wirst" (a form of "werden") combined with an infinitive means "will" in English. Notice also that "werden" when used alone means "to become," "to turn into."

In the table below, write in the first column the verses in which "werden" or "wollen" appear. Write a translation in the second column. Then identify the verb and its meaning in the third. If the verb is "werden," decide whether it is used with its root meaning (to become) or as an auxiliary verb to form the future tense.

Print out this page to do the exercises. Click here for an answer key.

Werden und wollen
Strophe, Vers, Text Übersetzung Verbum & Bedeutung
(Strophe 1, Vers 1) &
(Strophe 9, Vers 1)
du bist was ich will
you are what I want wollen (will) to want

 


   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

Übung IV. Syntax. Find examples of compound and complex sentences in the song. Enter them into the chart. Identify the coordinating or subordinating conjunction. Identify the inflected verb.

Print out this page to do the exercises. Click here for an answer key.

Strophe & Vers Text & Übersetzung Konjunktion Verbum Analyse vom Syntax
Strophe 1, Vers 1 was ich will
what I want
was will subordinating conjunction: inflected verb in last position

 

 

       

 

 

       

 

 

       

 

 

       

 

 

       

 

 

       

 

 

       

 

 

       

 

 

       

 

 

       

 

 

       

 

 

       

 

 

       

 

 

       

 

 

       

 

 

       

 

 

       

 

 

       

 

 

       

 

 

       

 

 

       

 

 

       

 

 

 

 

© A. Campitelli, 2008