German for Music Lovers

Subjordinating Conjunctions and Subordinate (Dependent) Clauses

Unterordnende Konjunktionen und Nebensätze

 "boot"-words (subordinating conjunctions) kick the inflected verb to the end of the clause

 

ob
whether (or not), if
weil
because
dass
that
wenn
whenever, if
obwohl
although
als
when (in the past)
bevor
before
nachdem
after
wer, wo, was, wann, warum, wie, wieviel, u.s.w.
The question words are subordinating conjunctions as are the relative pronouns.

Think of these words as "boot"-words.

Why? Because they "boot" the inflected verb (the verb whose stem + endings match the subject) to the end of the clause. Look at the diagrams and sentences below to see how this works.

 

"boot" word (subordinating conjunction)  kicking finite verb (Fussball) to the end of the clause

1. Er soll hier nicht so schnell fahren.

1. Er weiß, dass er hier nicht so schnell fahren soll.

1. He is not supposed to drive so fast here. 1. He knows that he is not supposed to drive so fast here.

2. Sie besuchen uns.

2. Sie bringen Blumen, wenn sie uns besuchen.

2. They visit us. 2. They bring flowers whenever they visit us.

3. Ingrid kommt ins Kino mit.

3. Ich weiß nicht, ob Ingrid ins Kino mitkommt.

3. Ingrid is coming along to the movies. 3. I don't know whether Ingrid is coming along to the movies.

4. Ich will nicht ins Kino gehen.

4. Ich bleibe zu Hause, weil ich nicht ins Kino gehen will.

4. I don't want to go to the movies. 4. I'm staying home because I don't want to go to the movies.

5. Sie ist meine Nachbarin.

5. Ich kenne sie nicht so gut, obwohl sie meine Nachbarin ist.

5. She is my neighbor. 5. I don't know her very well, although she is my neighbor.

6. Wir waren noch Kinder.

6. Ich lernte ihn kennen, als wir noch Kinder waren.

6. We were still children. 6. I met him when we were still children.

7. Wir gingen ins Restaurant.

Ingrid hatte schon gegessen, bevor wir ins Restaurant gingen.

7. We went to the restaurant. 7. Ingrid had already eaten before we went to the restaurant.

8. Sie gehen in die Disko.

8. Sie kommen erst nach Hause, nachdem sie in die Disko gehen.

8. They are going to the disco. 8. They'll be home only after they go to the disco.

 

 the subordinating conjunction "boots" the finite verb to the goal:  the end of the clause

Click here to practice "booting" verbs to the end of the clause.

What happens when the subordinate clause comes first?
Click here to find out.  

©A. Campitelli, Greensboro, NC 1999-2004